Chennakeshava Swamy Grabha Griha History

Learn More Details About The Chennakeshava Swamy Grabha Griha History, Mythology, Rituals, Sevas, Facts, Rules, And More Info Are Given

Chennakeshava Swamy Grabha Griha History, Mythology, Facts, And More

The Chennakeshava Swamy Temple, located in the picturesque town of Belur in Karnataka, India, is a magnificent architectural marvel that has stood the test of time. This ancient temple is significant in Hindu mythology and attracts devotees from far and wide. This article will delve into the history, mythology, rituals, sevas, costs, facts, and rules associated with the Grabha Griha of the Chennakeshava Swamy Temple.

Chennakeshava Swamy Grabha Griha History 


The Chennakeshava Swamy Temple, also known as the Belur Temple, was commissioned by King Vishnuvardhana of the Hoysala Empire in the 12th century. Construction of the temple commenced in 1117 AD and continued for over a century, showcasing the dedication and craftsmanship of its builders. The Grabha Griha, or inner sanctum, was meticulously designed to enshrine the deity Lord Chennakeshava, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and has since served as the focal point of worship and devotion for countless devotees.


According to Hindu mythology, the Chennakeshava Swamy Temple was built on the command of Lord Vishnu himself. Legend has it that Lord Vishnu appeared in a dream to King Vishnuvardhana and instructed him to construct a grand temple in his honor. Thus, the temple’s name “Chennakeshava” is derived from “Chenna” meaning beautiful, and “Keshava” another name for Lord Vishnu. The Grabha Griha is believed to be the abode of Lord Chennakeshava, where devotees seek his blessings for prosperity, happiness, and spiritual fulfillment.


The Grabha Griha of the Chennakeshava Swamy Temple is the site of various daily rituals performed by the temple priests to invoke the blessings of the deity and maintain the sanctity of the sacred space. Some of the key rituals conducted include:

  1. Suprabhata Seva: The day begins with the Suprabhata Seva, where the deity is awakened amidst chanting of hymns and prayers, invoking auspiciousness for the devotees.
  2. Abhishekam: The deity is bathed in sacred water, milk, yogurt, honey, and other promising substances as part of the Abhishekam ritual, symbolizing purification and divine blessings.
  3. Alankara: The deity is adorned with exquisite jewelry, silk garments, and fragrant flowers during the Alankara ritual, enhancing the divine presence and captivating the hearts of devotees.
  4. Arati: The Arati ritual involves the offering of lamps accompanied by chanting of hymns, symbolizing the removal of darkness and the triumph of light over ignorance.


Devotees have the opportunity to participate in various sevas (services) offered at the Grabha Griha to express their devotion and seek the blessings of the deity. Some of the popular sevas include:

  1. Archana: Devotees can perform Archana by reciting the 108 names of the deity and offering flowers, fruits, and other sacred items as a token of reverence.
  2. Abhishekam: Devotees can sponsor the Abhishekam ritual and partake in the sacred bathing of the deity, receiving blessings and divine grace in return.
  3. Sahasranama Archana: This seva involves the recitation of the Vishnu Sahasranama, a sacred hymn comprising a thousand names of Lord Vishnu, offering profound spiritual merit to the devotee.
  4. Anna Prasadam: Devotees can contribute towards the distribution of Anna Prasadam, blessed food offered to the devotees as a divine blessing from the deity.


  1. Architectural Marvel: The Grabha Griha of the Chennakeshava Swamy Temple is renowned for its exquisite Hoysala architecture, characterized by intricate carvings, sculpted pillars, and ornate ceilings, showcasing the finest craftsmanship of the bygone era.
  2. Cultural Heritage: The temple’s rich cultural heritage and historical significance have earned it the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site, attracting tourists and pilgrims from around the world to take in the serene atmosphere and heavenly splendor.
  3. Preservation Efforts: Despite centuries of exposure to the elements, the Grabha Griha and its surrounding structures have been meticulously preserved through restoration efforts and conservation initiatives, ensuring that future generations can continue to cherish and admire this architectural masterpiece.


Visitors to the Grabha Griha are expected to adhere to certain rules and regulations to maintain the sanctity and decorum of the sacred space. Some of the common rules include:

  1. Dress Code: Devotees are required to dress modestly and respectfully, covering their shoulders and knees, as a sign of reverence towards the deity.
  2. Footwear: Shoes and sandals are not allowed inside the Grabha Griha, and devotees are required to remove them before entering the temple premises.
  3. Silence: Maintaining silence and refraining from loud conversations or disruptive behavior is essential to creating a peaceful and conducive atmosphere for worship and meditation.
  4. Photography: Photography may be restricted inside the Grabha Griha to preserve the sanctity of the sacred space and prevent any disturbance to the rituals or devotees.

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